Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Australian Medicare rules prohibit reimbursement for population screening studies; however, targeted screening of individual patients, on the basis of age, smoking history and family history of AAA, can be requested by any medical practitioner and is funded through the Medicare Benefits Schedule in Australia as part of cli… ROPE SIGN : hyoid bone is pulled posteriorly causing an acute angulation between the chin and the larynx due to weakness of hyoid muscles, Recipient vapp- Type 3....Contact vapp-T-2, 45 cases have been recorded in last 9 years-----42 are type 2, Currently 3rd generation IPV is being used.—Enhanced IPV vero cell line culture. (16) found that surveillance with alpha-feto-protein (AFP) and ultrasound (US) was cost-effective regardless of HCC incidence. Positif . A person of any age with acute flaccid paralysis ----- Active surveillance for AFP has been designed for eradication, but all communicable diseases that are subject to control need a responsive surveillance system. CBS Community-based surveillance is a surveillance system that monitors a broad range of information directly from community members. Before we approach for a step-wise clinical evaluation, we need to stablise the child by providing basic support. Background The polio environmental surveillance (ES) system has been an incredible tool for advancing polio eradication efforts because of its ability to highlight the spatial and temporal extent of poliovirus circulation. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical syndrome which has many infectious and non-infectious causes. surveillance ∗ Identify survivorship issues for patients and providers Objectives. Cases are defined as: Acute flaccid paralysis/myelitis in an individual aged 30 years and under, not explained by an non-infectious cause. Currently, AFP surveillance at naional level coninues to meet the ceriicaion standard performance. Welcome to the APSU. PPT – AFP surveillance PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 45816-MzQ2Z. The ongoing treatment can be considered effective if there is upgradation by at least one level by the end of 4 weeks. Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and the fastest growing cause of cancer deaths in the United States. • Since secreted antigens contribute little toward immunity against tumors, the role of these neo-antigens in immuno-surveillance … Finding and reporting children with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), 1. Those who successfully complete each individual 5-day course will earn the Mobius Certification for that course. Environmental surveillance (ES) can detect circulating polioviruses from sewage without relying on clinical presentation. Get the plugin now. It is important to identify impending failure and take necessary steps. surveillance ∗ Identify survivorship issues for patients and providers Objectives. Conversely, Lin et al. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Dr. Raghav Kakar. Acute Flaccid Paralysis or AFP is a clinical syndrome, which refers to a collection of signs and symptoms, instead of a diagnosis. The AFP gene is located on the q arm of chromosome 4 (4q25). AFP surveillance helps to detect reliably areas where poliovirus transmission is occurring. With extensive ES and continued circulation of polioviruses, Pakistan presents a unique opportunity to quantify the impact of … surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis started in 1997 october achieved global benchmarks in may 1998 mapping of polio cases made possible labs providing > 80% results on time genetic sequencing capacity expanded 39. what is afp ? With the evolution of wireless and microchip technologies, surveillance devices have become smaller, cheaper and better than ever before. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP, α-fetoprotein; also sometimes called alpha-1-fetoprotein, alpha-fetoglobulin, or alpha fetal protein) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AFP gene. AFP surveillance การเฝ้าระวังผู้ป่วยกล้ามเนื้ออ่อนแรงเฉียบพลัน Author: doggyrin Last modified by: aim Created Date: 12/13/2006 2:53:48 AM Document presentation format: Dr. Sunil A. Tore M.B.B.S., D.P.H.,D.H.A., M.I.P.H.A. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Afp surveillance ppt Diagnosis and reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (afp). With the evolution of wireless and microchip technologies, surveillance devices have become smaller, cheaper and better than ever before. lower, surveillance did not prolong survival. In 2013 Sudan Acute flaccid paralysis (afp) surveillance: the surveillance strategy. Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP): Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is the most widely used biomarker for HCC surveillance, but this test has a sensitivity of only 47 to 64% and a specificity of 82 to 95% for detecting HCC among persons with HCV infection. Evaluating Surveillance Indicators Supporting the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 2011–2012. During this time, 678 AFP cases were reported to the Spanish National Surveillance Network. Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP): Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is the most widely used biomarker for HCC surveillance, but this test has a sensitivity of only 47 to 64% and a specificity of 82 to 95% for detecting HCC among persons with HCV infection. The overall prognosis of HCC remains dismal, except for the subset of patients who are diagnosed at early stage and receive potentially curative therapies, such as surgical resection and liver transplantation. Surveillance of AFP - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt) or view presentation slides online. According to the 2014 WHO AFP surveillance report, the stool adequacy African Regional guidelines for measles and rubella surveillance- Draft version April 2015. surveillance function to remain close to the control function. Acute flaccid paralysis (afp): surveillance standard for certification. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Notification Criteria. 3. acute flaccid paralysis (afp) surveillance 28 3.1 poliomyelitis: disease background 28 3.2 goals and objectives of polio eradication programme 30 3.3 polio eradication strategies 31 3.4 afp surveillance 33 3.5 key roles of surveillance officers in afp surveillance 51 3.6 outbreak response 52 3.7 vaccine derived polioviruses (vdpvs) 56 4. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) was established in 1988 by the World Health Assembly to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV); completion of this initiative was declared a programmatic emergency of public health in January 2012 (1,2). ( GBS and Poliomyelitis ) Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance. Background The polio environmental surveillance (ES) system has been an incredible tool for advancing polio eradication efforts because of its ability to highlight the spatial and temporal extent of poliovirus circulation. Bulbar functions recovering first, and lower extremity weakness recovering last. Presentation Summary : Concerning activities they carry out in relation to AFP surveillance, 34 (48.6%) said they search AFP case by going house to house, 4 (5.7%) gave health On the other hand, the overall surveillance function in a country can become badly disjointed and inefficient with field workers participating in multiple complicated systems, using different surveillance methods, … There are no official AAA screening programs in Australia, despite population screening programs in the UK and Sweden, where there is an 80% uptake,3and numerous other European countries. Acute flaccid paralysis and Surveillance 2018 1. Konsep SAFP. Thus, although there is some disagreement between published models, surveil-lance … We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Afp surveillance ppt Diagnosis and reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (afp). surveillance for AFP/AFM and to gather more information on clinical history, possible risk factors and outcomes for cases reported in 2018. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Acute flaccid paralysis case is defined as sudden onset of weakness and floppiness in any part of the body in a child . At the same time, using the right counter-surveillance tactics and techniques, you can elude most forms of physical and electronic eavesdropping. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Immunization Officer, Pune Municipal lower, surveillance did not prolong survival. Actions. Background More than 99% of poliovirus infections are non-paralytic and therefore, not detected by acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. Causes of AFP are listed in Table 1 below. Polio legacy planning discussion. Remove this presentation Flag as Inappropriate I Don't Like This I like this Remember as a Favorite. IPV administration is recommended at 14 weeks of age because it provide the optimal balance between vaccine efficacy and early protection. Environmental surveillance (ES) can detect circulating polioviruses from sewage without relying on clinical presentation. However, there are sill gaps related to stool adequacy, imely reporing and documentaion of key AFP surveillance aciviies, paricularly in the Ethiopia Somali Regional State. The standardized system of AFP surveillance adopted internationally has made it … Any child under 15 years of age with AFP* or any person of any age with paralytic illness if polio is suspected If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Polio free. VPL (terfokus) VPL (menyebar luas) 3 tahun kinerja AFP baik. If untreated, AFP may not only persist but also lead to death due to failure of respiratory muscles. for the doctors to End Polio. The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to prevent fetal death. Date : 20.08.2010. Acute Flaccid Paralysis or AFP is a clinical syndrome, which refers to a collection of signs and symptoms, instead of a diagnosis. • The Paralysis is associated with loss of … The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) framework makes surveillance and laboratory data more usable, helping public health managers and decision-makers improve detection and response to the leading causes of illness, death, and disability in African countries. However in spinal cord disorders, once a patient is out of spinal shock phase, then hyperreflexia is demonstrable below the level of lesion. There might be rapid metabolization of Ivig....so TRF...and so retreatment is required. Download Share Share. • AFP is produced only as a secreted protein whereas CEA is found both on cell membranes and in secreted fluids. The programme is able to identify where the polio virus is circulating through its highly sensitive surveillance activities. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is key for global polio eradication. During this time, 678 AFP cases were reported to the Spanish National Surveillance Network. Ghana recorded the last case of indigenous wild poliovirus in 1999 but suffered two more outbreaks in 2003 and 2008. In 2006 Case Based Surveillance Started . Acute flaccid paralysis (afp): surveillance standard for certification. acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) without delay. This study describes AFP surveillance in Spain from 1998 to 2015. introducing IPV into RI is boost population immunity against type2 poliovirus during and after the planned global withdrawal of OPV2 and switch from tOPV to bOPV.. To boost both humoral and mucosal immunity against poliovirus types 1 and 3, which may also hasten the eradication of these WPVs.To reduce VAPP risks. Evaluating Surveillance Indicators Supporting the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 2011–2012. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP, α-fetoprotein; also sometimes called alpha-1-fetoprotein, alpha-fetoglobulin, or alpha fetal protein) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AFP gene. Acute flaccid paralysis including GBS and Poliomyelitis and AFP SURVEILLANCE..PULSE POLIO....POLIO END GAME STRATEGy. Presentation Summary : Concerning activities they carry out in relation to AFP surveillance, 34 (48.6%) said they search AFP case by going house to house, 4 (5.7%) gave health AFP Surveillance See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal, No public clipboards found for this slide, Consultant Paediatrician at J&K Healthcare Services. Surveilans penyakit (disease surveillance) melakukan pengawasan terus-menerus terhadap distribusi dan kecenderungan insidensi penyakit, melalui pengumpulan sistematis, konsolidasi, evaluasi terhadap laporan-laporan penyakit dan kematian, serta data relevan lainnya. An awareness Programme in Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance. With extensive ES and continued circulation of polioviruses, Pakistan presents a unique opportunity to quantify the impact of … Title Concerning Activities They Carry Out In Relation To Afp Surveillance, 34 PPT. The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) is a national resource, established in 1993 to facilitate active surveillance of uncommon rare childhood diseases, complications of common diseases or adverse effects of treatment. You can change your ad preferences anytime. acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) without delay. The standardized system of AFP surveillance adopted internationally has made it … It allows detecting poliovirus (PV) reintroductions from endemic countries. The four steps of surveillance are: 1. finding and reporting children with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) 2. obtaining and sending stool and throat samples to the NVRL for analysis Maternal AFP serum level is used to screen for Down syndrome, neural tube defects, and other chromosomal abnormalities. Increased Muscular Activity...leads ti increased paralysis. AFP is defined by the acute onset of weakness or paralysis with reduced muscle tone in children. (16) found that surveillance with alpha-feto-protein (AFP) and ultrasound (US) was cost-effective regardless of HCC incidence. Active surveillance for AFP has been designed for eradication, but all communicable diseases that are subject to control need a responsive surveillance system. Accurate diagnosis of the cause of AFP has profound implications for therapy and prognosis. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. AJOG: June 2011. 1. MRI Spine to rule out – transverse myelitis, traumatic neuritis..... Congenital GBS – Hypotonia, Areflexia and weakness. Notification is not dependent on the cause; all cases of AFP are required to be notified under legislation. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a Notifiable Condition (Immediate notification) under the Public Health Act 2005. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Maternal AFP serum level is used to screen for Down syndrome, neural tube defects, and other chromosomal abnormalities. – alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and – carcino -embryonic antigen (CEA ). Parasitic infestations: Schistoma, Cysticercus, Echinococcus. Jadi fokus perhatian surveilans penyakit adalah penyakit, bukan individu. Approach to a case of paediatric hepatitis, An approach to a case of Paediatric Stridor, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell), No public clipboards found for this slide, Acute flaccid paralysis and Surveillance 2018. Cancer Site Estimated NewCases Estimated Deaths Cervix 12,990 4,120 Ovary 22,280 14,240 Uterus 60,050 10,470 Vulva 5,950 1,110 Vaginal/Other 4,620 950 Gynecologic Malignancies If untreated, AFP may not only persist but also lead to death due to failure of respiratory muscles. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In polio cases, infectivity in the pharyngeal foci is around one week, and in the intestinal foci 6-8 weeks. 3. acute flaccid paralysis (afp) surveillance 28 3.1 poliomyelitis: disease background 28 3.2 goals and objectives of polio eradication programme 30 3.3 polio eradication strategies 31 3.4 afp surveillance 33 3.5 key roles of surveillance officers in afp surveillance 51 3.6 outbreak response 52 3.7 vaccine derived polioviruses (vdpvs) 56 4. CBS project A CBS activity that runs for a short, defined timeframe and can be activated or hibernated according to community needs. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) was established in 1988 by the World Health Assembly to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV); completion of this initiative was declared a programmatic emergency of public health in January 2012 (1,2). Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. No Limb Weakness, 6th CN and 3 rd most commonly involved, Hexacarbon—paints..glue...dysarthria ataxic gait and blurred vision. • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) lacks adequate sensitivity and specificity for effective surveillance and for diagnosis • Not all tumors secrete AFP • However, generally accepte d that serum levels greater than 500 mcg/L in a high-risk patient is diagnostic of HCC Lok et al, Gastroenterology 2010;138:493-502 Forner et al, Hepatology 2008;47:97-104 The concepts underpinning surveillance and the number of different surveillance systems in use have expanded rapidly in recent years [].These systems have been developed in various fields, either public health (PH), animal health (AH), environmental health (EH), or more recently, combining these sectors in a one health (OH) approach [].Although the need for effective surveillance systems … Conversely, Lin et al. integrated with AFP surveillance. Presentation Summary : In 2006 case based surveillance started . IPV PLUS OPV..can prevent VAPP while maintaing benefits of OPV.. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The term PULSE has been added to describe this sudden, simultaneous , mass administration of OPV on a single day to all children 0-5 yrs of age, regardless to previous immunization. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains one of the hallmark pathologies in vascular surgery and an area of intense research interest. AFP is a complex clinical syndrome with a broad array of potential etiologies. AFP Surveillance For the Polio Eradication program, crucial that AFP surveillance should not miss poliomyelitis cases Case definition has to catch as many cases as possible even those that are not polio: High sensitivity Low specificity All geographic areas to be covered, up to district All AFP cases investigated and polio excluded Acute Flaccid Paralysis While ES often outperforms, or is more sensitive than AFP surveillance, the sensitivity of the ES system has not been well characterized. Ambil 2 spec <14 stlh lumpuh dengan kondisi baik (>= 80 %) Pemeriksaan laboratorium Biofarma, BLK Sby, Puslit Jkt. The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) framework makes surveillance and laboratory data more usable, helping public health managers and decision-makers improve detection and response to the leading causes of illness, death, and disability in African countries. Integrated With Afp Surveillance. At the same time, using the right counter-surveillance tactics and techniques, you can elude most forms of physical and electronic eavesdropping. Corporation See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Accurate diagnosis of the cause of AFP has profound implications for therapy and prognosis. It allows detecting poliovirus (PV) reintroductions from endemic countries. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monitoring in patients with stage I-IV colorectal cancer has been, and remains, a controversial issue in oncology practice. Mengamati semua AFP 2/100.000/<15th. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. surveillance function to remain close to the control function. 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Of age or paralysis with reduced muscle tone in children – alpha-fetoprotein ( AFP ) surveillance: the strategy!