During the imperial regime, emphasis was placed on raising foreign exchange earnings by cash crops and the establishment of large-scale commercial farms and neglected cereal production from subsistence farmers which accounted more than 80% of the cultivated area. Alemaya Agricultural University; 1986. The possible questions of this review are: Were the rural development policy packages of the country accessible to different segments of society? All sources are duly acknowledged. The post-1991 period is also marked with expansion of the development programmes [11]. The PIF provides a strategic framework for the prioritization and planning of investments that will drive Ethiopia’s agricultural growth and development. Kassa B. The overriding objective of the government was given as attaining fast broad based economic development. Distorted macroeconomic policies, political unrest and massive villagization and settlement programmes undermined the contribution that the rural development policies could have made. Ethiopian agriculture has been suffering from various external and internal problems. The post-1991 period is also marked with the most prominent and enduring economy-wide strategies as Agricultural-Led Industrialization (ADLI), the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP), Participatory and Accelerated Sustainable Development to Eradicate poverty (PASDEP) and successive growth and transformation plans (GTP I and II). Dev Policy Rev. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1988. p. 37–187. In 2010, for example, 2.8 million Ethiopians were in need of emergency food aid. Yet poverty remains a major challenge. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press; 1984. The ranges in climate variability by season and over time framed a sophisticated set of crops, agricultural practices, and local political ecologies. Aredo D. The Ethiopian economy: structure problems and policy issues: the relevance of the improvement approach to agricultural growth in Ethiopia; 2002. INRA Department of Economics; 2003. p. 29–50. It constitutes over 50% of the gross domestic product (GDP), accounts for over 85% of the labour force and earns over 90% of the foreign exchange [2]. statement and Correspondence to He/she can not sell it or lease it legally. 67. Distorted macroeconomic policies, political unrest and massive villagization and settlement programmes undermined the contribution that the rural development policies could have made. Ethiopia’s Agricultural Development Policy Challenges 1.Introduction 1.1 Background This case study paper has been prepared to provide a contextual understanding of the policy challenges faced in promoting growth in the Ethiopian agricultural sector, with particular emphasis on the post-1991 period following government change. Privacy improved resilience and productivity of ecosystems and livelihoods through improved management of natural resources, particularly water; expanded linkages with the private sector to ensure increased and sustained access to markets, finance and agricultural technology. World Bank. In: Eicher C, Staaz JM, editors. Against the backdrop of the global impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change, the Government of Ethiopia and IFAD have launched a new US$305.7 million programme to help the most vulnerable farmers increase their resilience. The Political Economy of Agricultural Extension Policy in Ethiopia: Economic Growth and Political Control Kassahun Berhanu Respectively, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Addis Ababa University; and Reader, Centre for Development, Environment and Policy, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. MOFED. University of the Free State; 2010. However, there are few remaining areas in Ethiopia today where development along the lines of the frontier model would represent an efficient source of growth. Most young people live in rural areas, where livelihood opportunities are increasingly scarce. In Ethiopia land belongs to the government. As underlined by Ruttan [14], “the Conservation Model remains an important source of productivity growth in most poor countries and an inspiration to agrarian fundamentalists and the organic farming movement in the developed countries”. Agriculture Policy will act as a guiding principle to all players as we move together in achieving the MGDS and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the short, medium and long term. Constable M, Belshaw D. A summary of major findings and recommendations from the Ethiopian highlands reclamation study. 1. Ethiopia’s economy and the role of the agriculture sector 2. Rural Development policy of Ethiopia with particular emphasis on: Market-led agricultural development strategy A term paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course GaDS 503 Development Perspectives and Political theories. Besides, the ever-growing population pressure over land may not allow the average size of the operational holding to expand in the highlands where more than 80% of crop production takes place. 1. The southward movement of population throughout most of Ethiopian history demonstrates the importance of the frontier model in that country. Around 85 per cent of the country’s 105 million inhabitants live in rural areas, and inclusive agricultural growth is a major driver of poverty reduction. PubMed Google Scholar. Ethiopia is also one of the largest refugee-hosting countries in the world. For millions of poor people in East and Southern Africa, bamboo has huge potential to alleviate poverty, protect the environment and help achieve the SDGs. The farmer can farm it only as long as he/she stays on the farm. Agricultural productivity is being hampered by land degradation, poor water management, low technology usage and an underdeveloped marketing system, among other factors. 8062-ET, Washington, DC; 1990. Springer Nature. Ethiopia’s highlands and their lowland peripheries offer a distinctive and, in many ways, ideal setting for human habitation and the evolution of agricultural ecologies. Agricultural development in the third world. (DRM) policy, National Nutrition Strategy and Programme. However, population growth, environmental degradation, climate-related decline of yield, low level of farm input innovation, capital constraints are among the pressing constraints. These strategies intend, among others, to attain food self-sufficiency at national level by increasing productivity of smallholders through research-generated information and technologies, increasing the supply of industrial and export crops and ensuring the rehabilitation and conservation of natural resource base with special consideration of package approach [8,9,10,11]. 2. Ethiopia, the agricultural sector and rural development will necessarily form the core of such policy. Discover how the Resilient Food Systems programme is enhancing long-term sustainability and resilience for food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Alemu ZG, Oosthuizen LK, Van Schalkwyk HD. The objective of this paper is to assess success stories, lessons learnt and loopholes of the past rural development policy of Ethiopia in terms of access, utilization and coverage. As indicated in Table 1 throughout the phases, the interventions are not accessed by all segments of the society, limited to certain geographical areas in terms of coverage and constrained by different institutional factors. Rahmeto D. Agriculture policy review. Country strategic opportunities programme, South-south and triangular cooperation (SSTC), Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia, Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme, China-IFAD South-South and Triangular Cooperation Facility, Climate and Commodity Hedging to Enable Transformation, Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability, Insurance for Rural Resilience and Economic Development, International Aid Transparency Initiative, National Designated Authorities partnership platform, Platform for Agricultural Risk Management, Smallholder and Agri-SME Finance and Investment Network, Working Group on the Transition Framework, Working group on the Performance-based Allocation System, Global Forum on Remittances, Investment and Development. Alemaya Agricultural University; 1986. [5] It was indicated that there were significant gaps in access, utilization and coverage due to wrong policy priority, institutional and technological variables. 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