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This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Bio: Major General Charles George Gordon, also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator. He is the subject of several biographies, and was portrayed by actor Charlton Heston, opposite Sir Laurence Olivier as The Mahdi, in the 1966 movie "Khartoum." In May 1862 Gordon’s corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the bulwarks of the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. In 1873, he was appointed governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. Though tasked with extracting his command from the area before Mahdist rebels arrived, he elected to defend the city. Gordon arrived at Khartoum on 18 February 1884, but instead of organising the evacuation of the garrisons, set about administering the city. A sober statue stance of a charitable man located in Victoria Embankment Gardens/Whitehall Gardens, the statue of Major General Charles George Gordon is located in the Victoria Embankment Gardens, which is the garden towards Westminster Pier. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In February 1884 Gordon returned to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum threatened by Sudanese rebels led by Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi. Ill health forced him to resign and return to England in 1880; over the next two years he served in India, China, Mauritius, and Cape Colony (in Southern Africa). Born in London in 1833 and killed at Khartoum in 1885, General Charles George Gordon is, undoubtedly, one of Britain’s greatest military heroes. Gordon's brother, Sir Henry Gordon, advised Thornycroft to minimise the military character of the statue, and emphasis Gordons qualities of strength of mind, love, kindness and affection. MajorGeneral Charles George Gordon also known as Chinese Gordon Gordon Pasha and Gordon of Khartoum was a British army officer and administrator General Gordon's Last Stand after painting by George W Joy 1885 Gordon about to be attacked by warriors of … General Charles Gordon BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.  © Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, historians have since suggested that Gordon defied orders and refused to evacuate Khartoum even though it remained possible until late in the siege. However, some biographers, such as the noted Lytton Strachey, have suggested that Gordon, in defiance of his government’s orders, had deliberately refused to evacuate Khartoum, even though evacuation was still possible until late in the siege. Genealogy profile for Maj.-Gen. Charles Gordon, of Khartoum. During the Crimean War (1853–56) he Khartoum came under siege a month later, and on Jan. 26, 1885, the Mahdists broke into the city and killed Gordon and the other defenders. Charles George Gordon on Wikipedia: Charles George Gordon works on Wikisource: Suggest an edit or a new quote: British Engineer Quotes. Between April 1874 and December 1876 he mapped the upper Nile and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present day Uganda. Gordon is regarded by some historians as one of Britain's greatest military leaders, and by others as charismatic, yet quixotic and impulsive. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Charlton Heston played Gordon in the 1966 epic film Khartoum, which deals with the siege of Khartoum. Khartoum is a 1966 British epic war film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.It stars Charlton Heston as British Gen. Charles "Chinese" Gordon and Laurence Olivier as Muhammad Ahmed (a Sudanese leader whose devotees proclaimed him the Mahdi), with a supporting cast that includes Richard Johnson and Ralph Richardson. Genealogy for Maj.-Gen. Charles George Gordon, CB (1833 - 1885) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Khartoum definition, a city in and the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the White and Blue Nile rivers: besieged 1885; retaken by the British 1898. During the next 18 months Gordon’s troops played an important, though not a crucial, role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. In May 1862 Gordon's corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. Charles George Gordon, byname Chinese Gordon, (born Jan. 28, 1833, Woolwich, near London, Eng.—died Jan. 26, 1885, Khartoum, Sudan), British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. Major General Gordon on his way to Khartoum, apparently, and by today’s standards an offensive depiction, to say the least. He distinguished himself in the Crimean War (1853 - 1856) and in 1860 volunteered for the 'Arrow' war against the Chinese. Charles Gordon (1833-85) was Governor of the Sudan. He was present at the occupation of Beijing (October 1860) and personally directed the burning of the Chinese emperor’s summer palace. General Gordon's last stand after the siege of Khartoum 11 February 1885: For hours the best part of the town was the scene of a merciless massacre. By July 1884, Gladstone reluctantly agreed to send an expedition to Khartoum. British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. This is a biography of one of the most colorful soldiers who ever lived - "Chinese Gordon," known later as "Gordon of Khartoum," who died a martyr's death during the siege of Khartoum in the Sudan in 1885. The government ordered him to return, but Gordon refused, saying he was honour-bound to defend the city. Charles Gordon was born on 28 January 1833, the son of a senior army officer. Khartoum (1966) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. He returned in January 1865 to England, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him “Chinese Gordon.” For the next five years he was commander of the Royal Engineers at Gravesend, Kent; he spent his spare time developing his own unorthodox, mystical brand of Christianity and engaging in philanthropic activity among poor youths. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Sudan: Ismāʿīl Pasha and the growth of European influence. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He was then promoted to governor general, where he asserted his authority, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. welcome to khartoum house As a staff we continue to lead from the front and this approach means ensuring we are also doing above and beyond to create a friendly and safe environment. Thomas Gordon (d.1741) was an Admiral in the Russian Navy and became Governor of Kronstadt. See more. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During the next 18 months Gordon's troops played an important role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. Siege of Khartoum (March 13, 1884–January 26, 1885), military blockade of the capital of the Sudan by the Mahdists. The British public reacted to his death by acclaiming “Gordon of Khartoum” a martyred warrior-saint and by blaming the government for failure to relieve the siege. …Equatoria province to another Englishman. Khartoum came under siege the next month and on 26 January 1885 the rebels broke into the city, killing Gordon (apparently against al-Mahdi's instructions) and the other defenders. He was murdered on the palace steps in Khartoum. When Gordon awoke to find that, through the treachery of his Egyptian lieutenant, Khartoum was in the hands of the Mahdi, he set out with a few followers for the Austrian consulate. After a brief stay in England, he resumed service under the khedive as governor-general of the Sudan. Gordon School, as it now is, was founded by public subscription in 1885 as a national memorial to Gordon of Khartoum. In early 1884, Major General Charles "Chinese" Gordon arrived to take command of British and Egyptian forces in Khartoum. Charles Gordon and his garrison at Khartoum (. In Equatoria, from April 1874 to December 1876, Gordon mapped the upper Nile River and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present-day Uganda. Gordon's heroics have also been drawn on in the 2005 novel The Triumph of the Sun by Wilbur Smith. He sent Colonel Stewart and the troops with the steamers to recapture Berber. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. Gordon, known to defy orders, is received well in the city of Khartoum -- so instead of acting as an ambassador, he motivates the city to prepare its defenses. A distinguished soldier, he saw active service in many campaigns including the Crimean War and the Taiping Rebellion in China. Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. He was promoted to captain in 1859 and volunteered the following year to join the British forces that were fighting the Chinese in the “Arrow” War. General Gordon died while trying to save Khartoum from fire and sword in 1885, Later, he obtained the same reputation as he commanded in battle Chinese, Egyptian, and African (but never British) troops, to become a British military hero. A steamer which bore a rough effigy of Gordon at the prow was said to be particularly dreaded by the rebels. Read more. By contrast, Gordon is one of the four subjects di… Charles George Gordon, British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. Places of Interest: Huntly Castle, Huntly, Aberdeenshire. Background. Gordon established his ascendancy over this vast area, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. Corrections? General Charles Gordon © British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. Gordon, Charles George, 1833–85, British soldier and administrator. BBC 1982 - Produced by Malcolm Brown (1930-2017), Narrated by Robert Hardy (1925-2017) He had eight thousand men at Khartoum and Senaar. Updates?

GORDON OF KHARTOUM: THE GREATEST DESERT WARFARE SAGA OF ALL TIME
by CHARRIER PAUL

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