Garrett, Martin, The Loire: a Cultural History. PK 87.3 Two arms meet  The Federation, a member of the IUCN since 1970, has been very important in the campaign to save the Loire river system from development. River traffic increased gradually, with a toll system being used in medieval times. Furnishings inside the châteaux also witnessed changes to suit the living styles of its occupants. Its main tributaries include the rivers Nièvre, Maine and the Erdre on its right bank, and the rivers Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, and the Sèvre Nantaise on the left bank. What is the map? The opening of the Canal latéral à la Loire in 1838 enabled navigation between Digoin and Briare to continue, but the river level crossing at Briare remained a problem until the construction of the Briare aqueduct in 1896. These works, with groynes and submersible embankments, survive and contribute to the limited navigability under present-day conditions. ", Architectural edifices were created in Loire valley from the 10th century onwards with the defensive fortress like structures called the "keeps" or "donjons" built between 987 and 1040 by Anjou Count Foulques Nerra of Anjou (the Falcon). This important link is included in the distance table. The Loire, the longest river in France, was formerly navigated upstream as far as La Noirie, level with Saint-Étienne, 880km from the sea, but its extreme flow regime makes it the least navigable of all France’s major rivers. From here the Loire estuary is a maritime waterway, but for convenience the distance table is continued down to Saint-Nazaire. History – In 1700 the port of Nantes numbered more inland waterway craft than any other port in France. 1000+ images about Rivers on Pinterest | Maps, Cruises and Ukraine . Mündung der Loire.jpg 5,500 × 4,865; 2.91 MB. The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. There are two generic designation that can be used across the whole of the Loire Valley.  The English defeated the French in 1356 and Aquitaine came under English control in 1360. PK 82.4 Railway bridge (Pont de la Vendée) Proposals to develop a fully navigable river up to Briare came to nothing. R at ing . At a certain point during the long history of uplift in the Paris Basin, the lower, Atlantic Loire captured the "palaeo-Loire" or Loire séquanaise ("Seine Loire"), producing the present river. www.listnbest.com. (With maps.)' Christianity was introduced into this valley from the 3rd century AD, as missionaries (many later recognized as saints), converted the pagans. At 662.69 metres (2,174.2 ft), this was the longest such structure in the world for quite some time.. In addition to finding vineyards along the Loire, several of the river's tributaries are also well planted—including the Allier, Cher, Indre, Loir, Sèvre Nantaise and Vienne Rivers. PK 99.0 Couëron quay, first night free then €11-13, water, electricity, shower, slipway, restaurant, small town r/b Rock outcrops of granite or basalt also are exposed in the river bed in several stretches. Click on for more information on individual chateau. The city is also located at the confluence of two tributaries of the Loire: Erdre and Sevre Nantaise. , The area includes 87 appellations under the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC), Vin Délimité de Qualité Superieure (VDQS) and Vin de pays systems. , Most amphibians of the Loire are found in the slow flow areas near the delta, especially in the floodplain, marshes and oxbows. PK 14.6 Chalonnes-sur-Loire bridge, quay u/s l/b Book your tickets online for Loire River, Centre-Val de Loire: See 32 reviews, articles, and 31 photos of Loire River, ranked No.272 on Tripadvisor among 1,637 attractions in Centre-Val de Loire.  Neanderthal man used stone tools to fashion boats out of tree trunks and navigated the river. PK 0.4 La Pointe Bouchemaine r/b, pontoons, water, slipway 296 x 300 gif 17kB. Explore by boat, barge or ship – what are the differences? These works, with groynes and submersible embankments, survive and contribute to the limited navigability under present-day conditions. In this section the river is relatively straight, except for the area near Orléans, and numerous sand banks and islands exist.  The reason for this is its sheer length and possibility of extensive navigation, which severely limits the scope of river conservation. River flow is particularly high in the river area near Roanne and Vichy up to the confluence with the Allier. Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow. Its population has decreased from about 100,000 in the 19th century to below 100 in the 1990s that resulted in the adoption of a total ban of salmon fishing in the Loire basin in 1984. PK 49.6 Ancenis suspension bridge, quay for 12 boats u/s r/b, water, slipway, small town and château, r/b The Loire Valley has a long history of winemaking dating back to the 1st century. In 52 BC, the Romans built a city in Tours. Another short stretch much further upstream at Decize is also navigable, where a river level crossing from the Canal latéral à la Loire connects to the Canal du Nivernais. PK 86.1 Bridge (Anne-de-Bretagne), mooring d/s r/b In low water periods enquiries should be made at the VNF office (address below) before making the passage. Tweet. The Neoclassical architectural style, was a revival of Classical style of architecture, which emerged in the mid 18th century; one such notable structure is the Château de Menars built by Jacques Ange Gabriel (1698–1782) who was the royal architect in the court of Louis XV (1715–74).  Among these different wine styles, Loire wines tend to exhibit characteristic fruitiness with fresh, crisp flavours-especially in their youth..  In 877 Charles the Bald died, marking an end to the Carolingian dynasty. They are dominated by the fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra), frogs and toads.  But competition from the railway, beginning in the 1840s, caused a decline in trade on the river. the river Allier (ext.) Comprehensive detailed navigational information, km by km, Sete west to Toulouse. PK 87.4 Port of Nantes, u/s limit Following this there was ongoing conflict between the Franks and the Visigoths. The channel is marked by buoys, red on the left-bank side and black on the right-bank side. PK 73.2 Bridge (Thouaré) helveticus). Loire river.  During the reign of François I from 1515 to 1547, the Italian Renaissance had a profound influence upon the region, as people adopted its elements in the architecture and culture, particularly among the elite who expressed its principles in their chateaus. The Loire Valley wine region includes the French wine regions situated along the Loire River from the Muscadet region near the city of Nantes on the Atlantic coast to the region of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé just southeast of the city of Orléans in north central France. With Crémant production throughout the Loire valley, it is the second largest sparkling wine producer in France after Champagne.  In 1992, they aided the ‘Loire Nature’ project, which received funds of some $US 9 million under the EU's ‘LIFE’ programme until 1999, embarking upon restoration to the river's ecosystems and wildlife. It forms the western section of the EuroVelo 6 route (linking Black Sea to Atlantic).  The most serious floods occurred in 1856, 1866 and 1911. The Romans successfully subdued the Gauls in 52 BC and began developing Cenabum, which they named Aurelianis. Port Autonome de Nantes – Saint-Nazaire Spring tides may be felt as far upstream as Champtoceaux. Other vegetation in the valley, mostly under private control, consists of tree species of oak, beech and pine.  Her successful relief of the siege of Orléans, on the Loire, was the turning point of the war. During floods, which usually occur in February and March but also in other periods, the flow sometimes exceeds 2,000 m3/s (71,000 cu ft/s) for the Upper Loire and 8,000 m3/s (280,000 cu ft/s) in the Lower Loire. For other uses, see, "Loira" redirects here. Whereas the total biomass is low in the upper reaches, the biodiversity is high, with more than 250 taxa at Orléans. It is also France’s 6th largest city with a population of approximately 303,382 people. Many, the Upper Loire, the area from the source to the confluence with the Allier, the middle Loire Valley, the area from the Allier to the confluence with the Maine, about 280 km (170 mi), the Lower Loire, the area from Maine to the estuary, Loire maritime: 53 km from the Atlantic Ocean at, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 04:09. The great Loire salmon, a subspecies of Atlantic salmon, is regarded as the symbolic fish of the river. PK 0.5 Decize bridge, town r/b  With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi), it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône.  Spread out across the Loire Valley are 87 appellation under the AOC, VDQS and Vin de Pays systems. PK 103.5 La Martinière quay l/b (in entrance to former ship canal) The Celts built a trading route with the Greeks here in 600 BC that lasted for 2,000 years. At low water the navigable channel is marked by 4.50m high stakes driven into the sand, those on the left-bank side having their tops partly broken and hanging down. PK 22.6 Bridge (embranchement de Decize) and Canal du Nivernais During floods, the river rises rapidly, and the fast current makes navigation dangerous as soon as depths of about 2m have been reached. Link between Canal latéral à la Loire  In 1572 some 3000 Huguenots were slaughtered in Paris in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. Essential navigation guides, maps and books from publishers Breil, Fluviacarte and Imray. 1828 x 1414 jpeg 188kB. A salmon restoration program was initiated in the 1980s and included such as measures as removal of two obsolete hydroelectric dams and introduction of juvenile stock. This style was perpetuated during the reign of Louis XVI (1774–92) but with more refinements; one such refined château seen close to Angers is the Château de Montgeoffroy. W. 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